The fee in Va (where required) is $28 every two years. All via visual inspection and hooking up a direct reporting system to the OBDII.
Now if they truly measured "pollution" (sniffed the tail pipe or other direct test) I would not have a concern. When they fail you based on a light on the dash (i.e., IMA/CEL - weaken battery) regardless, well....
The implementation, at least in Va, is geographically piecemeal, usually on a county, town or city basis. I live in a county which has a "denser" northern population. The souther.......nnnn part of the county is much less dense, yet the whole county is subject to the emission requirement. Two miles away due west is a town, closer to the high volume I95 corridor (where you might expect higher concentrations of pollution if an air test were run) and guess what...no emissions requirement. None of the other bordering counties further south have a requirement either.
The only thing I can think was the logic of who does and who does not was based on ease for the state to tag cars based on the county/city of registration (where it is parked which is directly stated on the registration card sent with the license plate). A typical bureaucratic implementation.
Trucks over 10000 GVW with "truck" license are exempt. They just charge you more for the truck license!
Last edited by JohnVirginia; 01-28-2013 at 08:40 AM.
Reason: add to post.